Canis Major spreads out for over 380 square degrees. Tau Canis Majoris is a multiple star system located at around 5,000 light-years away. This is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way Galaxy. This star is expected to explode as a type II supernova in the near future. Canis Major is a southern constellation, visible in its entirety from all locations south of latitude 60°N. Study Astronomy Online at Swinburne University This premium worksheet bundle contains a printable fact file and 10 fun and engaging worksheets to challenge your students and help them learn about Canis Major Constellation. Messier 41 has an apparent magnitude of 4.5. How to choose your telescope magnification? The cluster is in relation with the giant nebula Sh2-310. The Canis Major Galaxy is the nearest dwarf galaxy to the Milky Way. Aludra is a blue-white supergiant star, having 1,919% of our Sun’s mass, 5,630% of its radius, and being around 105,442 times brighter. With a mass only 1% of that of the Milky Way, this is one of two minor mergers known to be currently occurring in the Milky Way. Mirzam is 1,350% more massive than our Sun, having 970% of its radius, and it is also 26,600 times brighter. Furud has surface temperatures of around 18,700 K, it is located at 362 light-years. If you are a new user, and would like to contribute to this galaxy, please create a pitch first. Around the year of 3457 part of the UFAG fleet refugee in Edraria seeing the war lost choose to take refuge in the Canis Major Dwarf. There is only one Messier object in Canis Major, namely Messier 41, an open cluster. A small, irregular galaxy with a mass of about a billion solar masses, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy is one of our closest neighbours, lying approximately 25,000 light years from the Sun and 42,000 light years from the centre of the Milky Way. NGC 2362 is believed to have been discovered before 1654. The constellation of Canis Major contains many bright stars above magnitude 2.0, however, Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky is also situated here, having an apparent magnitude of -1.47. There is also the yellow-white supergiant Wezen, the blue-white giant Mirzam, the blue-white supergiants Aludra and Omicron. Iota Canis Majoris is 47,000 times brighter than our Sun, having 1,250% of its mass, and around 2,590% of its radius. Sirius isn’t, however, a single star, it is a binary star consisting of a main-sequence star of spectral type A0, termed Sirius A, and a faint white dwarf companion designated as Sirius B. Closest galaxy Canis Major Dwarf: Canis Major: 0.025 Mly Discovered in 2003, a satellite of the Milky Way, slowly being cannibalised by it. This star is also a variable, having a medium apparent magnitude of 4.40, which varies from 4.36 to 4.40. Some speculate that this open cluster is around 2.2 billion years old. The constellation of Canis Major contains only one Messier object, the star cluster Messier 41. However, there remains debate over whether it represents a disrupted dwarf galaxy or in fact a variation in the thin and thick disk and spiral arm populations of the Milky Way. Messier 41 contains over 100 stars, and it can be seen through small telescopes, being around four degrees south of Sirius, the brighter star in Canis Major. NGC 2360 has an apparent magnitude of 7.2, a diameter of around 15 light-years, and contains many red giant stars. RX J0720.4-3125 is a neutron star first discovered in 1997 in the ROSAT All-sky survey. In 3457 part of the UFGA fleet refugee in Edraria seeing the war lost chose to take refuge in the Canis Major Dwarf. VY Canis Majoris is a red hypergiant or supergiant located at around 3.900 light-years away. They have set up research stations along with production facilities and ship yards. The collision between these two galaxies is of great interest to astronomers since this event might reflect the probable fate of our Milky Way galaxy and the Andromeda galaxy. Canis Syrius was the name used in the 1521 Alfonsine tables. Aludra, designated as Eta Canis Majoris, is the fifth brightest star in the constellation, having an apparent magnitude of 2.450. NGC 2360, also known as Caroline’s Cluster or Caldwell 58, is an open cluster located at around 3,700 light-years away from us. It was viewed as an arrow aiming towards Orion, while the southern stars of Canis Major and a part of Puppis, were seen as a bow, named BAN in the Three Stars Each tablet, dating around 1100 BC. The primary star, Adhara, is the brightest ultraviolet source in the sky. NGC 2207 and IC 2163 are a pair of colliding spiral galaxies that are located at around 80 million light-years away from us. This star has an apparent magnitude that varies slowly and irregularly from 6.35 to 7.90. The Sirius star system is situated at around 8.6 light-years away from us, it is one of Earth’s nearest neighbors. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy: a brief history! It has recently been settled by the Solarian Kingdom. It is the second nearest galaxy to planet… It is also several times hotter, having temperatures of around 89,100 K. EZ Canis Majoris has 2,300% of our Sun’s mass and 325% of its radius. The brightest star in Canis Major is Sirius, which is also the brightest star in the night sky, having an apparent magnitude of -1.46. Canis Major contains eightstars known to support planetary systems. This constellation contains one Messier object and has 4 stars with known planets. The Milky Way passes through Canis Major, and as such, several open clusters lie within its borders. Galaxies change their size and volume by colliding with other galaxies as well as consuming the smaller ones. WR 7 is also exciting the ring nebula NGC 2359, also known as Thor’s Helmet. This star has an apparent magnitude of 11.4, being 229,000 times brighter than our Sun, and has around 1,300% of its mass, and 126% its radius. This star is 3,560 times brighter than our Sun, having 23,400% of its radius, yet a very cool temperature, at only 2,900 K. EZ Canis Majoris is a binary star system located at around 4,900 light-years away. In Chinese astronomy, the constellation of Canis Major is located in the Vermilion Bird. The distance between the two stars varies between 8.2 and 31.5 AU, and they complete one orbit around each other once every 50 years. This category lists pages and subcategories relating to the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy. Supernovae also appear to be quite common in NGC 2207, with four being observed since 1975. Wezen lies around 10 degrees south southeast of Sirius. Most distant galaxy GN-z11 : Ursa Major: z=11.09 With an estimated distance of about 32 billion light-years (comoving distance,) or 13.4 GLY (light-travel distance,) astronomers announced it as the most distant astronomical galaxy known. Tau Canis Majoris has surface temperatures of around 32,000 K. Furud, designated as Zeta Canis Majoris, is the sixth brightest star in the constellation, having an apparent magnitude of +3.025. Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. The primary star, Tau Canis Majoris, is 5,000% more massive than our Sun, having 1,980% its radius, and being 280,000 times brighter. It is part of the Phantom Zone Subsector. This nebula isis 30 light-years in size. It is also almost three times as hot, having surface temperatures of around 17,000 K. W Canis Majoris is a carbon star located at around 1,800 light-years away from us. It is the brightest member of the open cluster NGC 2362, having an apparent magnitude of 4.40. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy lies some 25,000 light-years from Earth’s solar system and about 42,000 light-years from the centre of the Milky Way, which makes it the closest galaxy to the Milky Way … Mirzam is a blue-white giant star located at around 490 light-years away. They have an apparent magnitude of 12.2, and 11.6 respectively. Canis Major was listed by Ptolemy as one of the 48 original constellations handed down from antiquity. Looking up on more info, there's a ton of satellite galaxies from 70k-1.3m ly from Sol. The constellation of Canis Major contains several interesting deep-sky objects as well, such as the Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy, the emission nebula NGC 2359 – also known as Thor’s Helmet, or the colliding spiral galaxies NGC 2207 and IC 2163. The primary star is a Wolf-Rayet type of star, being among the top ten brightest Wolf-Rayet stars. Currently, seven stars that host planets have been discovered in Canis Major. Caroline’s Cluster was discovered in 1783 by Caroline Herschel. NGC 2359, also known as Thor’s Helmet or the Duck Nebula, is an emission nebula situated at around 11,960 light-years away from us. Only these users can officially approve pitches: Canis Major and Canis Minor are depicted as celestial hunting dogs following the constellation of Orion, the celestial hunter. NGC 2359 has a central Wolf-Rayet star, WR 7, that is extremely hot and illuminates the surrounding area. With a mass only 1% of that of the Milky Way, this is one of two minor mergers known to be currently occurring in the Milky Way. Omicron1 Canis Majoris is 16,000 times brighter than our Sun, having 783% of its mass, and a whopping 21,200% of its radius. Canis Major spreads out for over 380 square degrees. When VY Canis Majoris will reach the end of its life, it will explode as a hypernova, an event that is over 100 times stronger than a supernova. Alternative names include Canis Sequens and Canis Alter. Monocular vs. Binoculars- Which One is Best for Stargazing. The brightest star in Canis Major, Sirius (Alpha Canis Majoris), is also the brightest star in the night sky. It is known as the “dog star”. It will become a red supergiant star in the future. Several of the globular clusters found in the Milky Way are also thought to have come from the Canis Major dwarf, whose ultimate fate is to merge with the Milky Way over the next billion years or so. Adhara is several times hotter than our Sun, having 1,200% of the Sun’s mass, and 1,300% of its radius. This galaxy, although known, had never been of interest for colonization. Muliphein is a member of the Collinder 121 open star cluster. EZ Canis Majoris has an apparent magnitude that varies from 6.71 to 6.95 over a period of 3.76 days. This star is quite young, being only 8.2 million years old, however, it will not live for long. The constellation of Canis Major belongs to the Orion family of constellations, along with Canis Minor, Lepus, Monoceros, and Orion. Printable Canis Major Constellation Worksheets, https://www.thoughtco.com/thmb/opX5lqz30agaRn3I1iyIobw6sVA=/768x0/filters:no_upscale():max_bytes(150000):strip_icc()/sirius-and-procyon-5851b5b25f9b586e02633123.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/89/Canis_Major_on_the_Manuchihr_Globe.jpg/640px-Canis_Major_on_the_Manuchihr_Globe.jpg, https://i1.wp.com/astrobob.areavoices.com/files/2020/03/Canis-Major-finder-March_FEA.jpg?fit=936%2C399, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Messier_041_2MASS.jpg/574px-Messier_041_2MASS.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/CanisMajorCC.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c9/Sirius_A_and_B_artwork.jpg/640px-Sirius_A_and_B_artwork.jpg, https://nineplanets.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Adhara-1024x506.jpg, https://www.star-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Wezen.jpg?189db0&189db0, https://www.star-facts.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Mirzam.jpg?189db0&189db0, https://pm1.narvii.com/6423/ce86c1657715ab0e5cdaca4cc97845daaab58cad_hq.jpg, https://sunnymeade.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/ngc-2362-650.jpg, https://theskylive.com/sky/stars/finder-charts/furud-zeta-canis-majoris-finder-chart.png?c=1586786672, https://www.davidmalin.com/fujii/image/CMa_www.jpg, https://theskylive.com/sky/stars/star-images/25/2580_800.jpg, https://www.constellation-guide.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/Tau-Canis-Majoris-Cluster-NGC-2362-Caldwell-64.jpg, https://astronomy.com/~/media/5600BB6F360F469890093E7D8607560F.jpg, https://www.universetoday.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/vycanis-1280x720.png, https://i.ytimg.com/vi/XU0iPq_7r_E/hqdefault.jpg, https://theskylive.com/sky/stars/finder-charts/iota-canis-majoris-finder-chart.png?c=1586732293, https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-059fd1b7c0713677f548c5c242a77b31, https://www.syfy.com/sites/syfy/files/styles/1170xauto/public/wire/legacy/apo_sh2308_bubble_haoiii.jpg, https://www.constellation-guide.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/NGC-2359-638x640.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2f/NGC_2359%2C_Thor%27s_Helmet_%28core%29.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/NGC2360_-_SDSS_DR14_%28panorama%29.jpg, https://www.jwinman.com/starcharts/images/NGC%202362.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/NGC_2354.png, https://live.staticflickr.com/65535/48108182927_e146c5ef1f_b.jpg, https://live.staticflickr.com/8652/16002621745_5f7f071b5e_b.jpg, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/NGC2207%2BIC2163.jpg, https://www.sciencemag.org/sites/default/files/styles/article_main_large/public/images/2003110721.jpg?itok=vsVqTEw2. They can be no larger than a Star Clusters. Some of the small galaxies are Elliptical Galaxies as well, often referred to as Dwarf Ellipticals. The Nine Planets has been online since 1994 and was one of the first multimedia websites that appeared on the World Wide Web. Omicron2 Canis Majoris is the seventh brightest star in the constellation of Canis Major, having an apparent magnitude of 3.043. Omicron2 is located at around 2,800 light-years away from us. The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy is a galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major. The constellation of Canis Minor doesn’t host any Messier objects, however, unlike its prominent brother, Canis Major, the smaller constellation is associated with a meteor shower – the Canis Minorids. A small irregular galaxy thought to orbit the Milky Way, trailing stars behind it to create a structure known as the Monoceros Ring. Muliphein, designated as Gamma Canis Majoris, is a blue-white B-type bright giant star located at around 440 light-years away. If two admins approve of your writing, you may begin writing. Until recently, however, this dwarf galaxy lay unobserved behind the dust and gas in the disk of the Milky Way. NGC 2354 is a relatively fain open cluster that contains around 15 stars which are visible through binoculars. Looking for fun activities to teach kids about Canis Major Constellation? The Milky Way has altered its size by doing the same thing and is currently adding new stars from the close by Canis Major Dwarf galaxy. Its name is Latin for “Greater Dog” in contrast to Canis Minor the “Lesser Dog”. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.1 and a radius of around 11.2 light-years.