Showing page 1. [12], The Sufi poet Rumi (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī, 1207-1273), perhaps the most famous of medieval Persian poets, described Dhu al-Qarnayn's eastern journey. (Thou hast authority) either to punish them, or to treat them with, kindness.” 6 Hamdi Yazır says, “This statement shows it clearly that Dhul-Qarnayn is a prophet. This agrees with the construction of a dam by Dhu l-Qarnayn against the invasions of Gog and Magog. Dhul-Qarnayn (English) Proper noun Dhul-Qarnayn Islam - The ruler... Dhulbahante (English) Proper noun Dhulbahante A clan in Somalia. This is consistent with the title, "Dhu l-Qarnayn" (holder of two horns). However, there was a disagreement about Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood later. Dhu l-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذوالقَرنَین) is the title of a character mentioned in the Qur'an. The Qur'an illustrates Dhu l-Qarnayn as a believer in God and the Resurrection who was equipped with new tools with the help of God. And on that day we shall let some of them surge against others, and the Trumpet will be blown. [13], The Malay-language Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain traces the ancestry of several Southeast Asian royal families, such as the Sumatra Minangkabau royalty,[14] from Iskandar Zulkarnain,[15] through Raja Rajendra Chola (Raja Suran, Raja Chola) in the Malay Annals. Moreover, some other kings of Yemen are also identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Tubba' al-Aqran, the son of Shammir Yar'ash, Sa'b b. Harith, or Sa'b b. Hammal, or Sa'b b. Dhi Yazan, a son of Wa'il b. Himyar. Dhul-Qarneyn means having two horns in the head. Anyone who reads the story of Dhu’l-Qarnayn and how he dealt with this nation in Soorat al-Kahf will know for sure that they exist and that the barrier which was built is not metaphorical or imaginary, but is a physical barrier built of iron and melted copper. Abstract meanings: the second group of such views provide abstract grounds for the appellation associated with other meanings of the word, "qarn". was aware of the works of Zul-Qarnayn, and, before he could do anything and reach any place, Allah knew his fate and taught him and lead him what to do. In recent periods, some people identified Dhu l-Qarnayn with Cyrus the Great (reign: 530BC-590BC). The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in Arabic ذو القرنين, literally "The Two-Horned One", also transliterated as Zul-Qarnain or Zulqarnain) is found in the 18th Surah of the Qur'an, al-Kahf (the Cave). There are different views about the issue in Shi'a hadiths. "If he tells you about these things, then he is a prophet, so follow him, but if he does not tell you, then he is a man who is making things up, so deal with him as you see fit." The name appears three times in the Qur'an. In some cases, Dhu l-Qarnayn is introduced as a prophet and a king, and in some cases, only as a faithful king. Dhu al-Hijjah translation in English-Arabic dictionary. Abu Karb Shammir Yar'ash, the King of Himyar, https://en.wikishia.net/index.php?title=Dhu_l-Qarnayn&oldid=133794, Articles with quality and priority assessment, C grade priority and c grade quality articles, Cyrus's justice, good treatment of the peasants, generosity, and fairness in wars, according to the Old Testament and historians such as. According to Ibn Kathir, the first Dhu l-Qarnayn was the son of the first Roman Caesar who was a progeny of Sam (Shem) the son of Nuh (a) and was a righteous person and a just king, and Khidr was his prime minister. Other people have also been suggested to be identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Alexandrous from Alexandria, Hermes or Herdis, Marzan b. Madraba the Greek, an Egyptian man from the progeny of Yafith the son of Nuh (a), 'Ayyash, and 'Abd Allah b. Dahhak. [20] The use of the Islamic epithet "Dhu al-Qarnayn", the "two-horned", first occurred in the Quran. Dhul-Qarnayn is regarded by some Muslims as a prophet, while other say that he was "a friend of God". In other words, Allah (s.w.t.) These two people were in different periods by about 2000 years. For example, during his life, two generations of people disappeared, or he reigned both in Iran and Rome, or he found his way both to the eastern and the western parts of the world, or he was a nobleman both through his father and his mother, or that he saw in a dream that he held two sides of the sun, or he was endowed with the knowledge of the exterior and the interior. How do you say Dhul-Qarnayn? For example, Mundhir b. Ma' al-Sama' al-Lakhmi was called "Dhu l-Qarnayn". The name “Dhul-Qarnayn” has been mentioned in surah Kahf. Al-'Allama al-Majlisi collected Shi'a hadiths with regard to Dhu l-Qarnayn and then commented that Dhu l-Qarnayn was the first king after Nuh (a) (Noah) and was a righteous servant of God. The king traveled eastwards and westwards. The story of Dhu al-Qarnayn is related in Surah 18 of the Quran, al-Kahf ("The Cave"). A stone sculpture of Cyrus has been discovered in Mashhad-e Morghab in southern Iran which has a crown on its head with two horns like those of a ram. It seems that many prominent Sunni exegetes of the early periods had no doubts about the view. Thus, it is probable that the Jews may have asked the Prophet (s) about a king with whom they were already familiar. He was a polytheist and his prime minister was Aristotle. Dhu al-Qarnayn, (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَرْنَيْن‎ Ḏū al-Qarnayn, IPA: [ðuː‿l.qar.najn]), Lit. The view was first developed by western scholars in the middle of the 13th/19th century, although it found its way among Persian readers about 60 years later through a different route. The passage from the tafsir can be found in section 1.1 of the article (Dhul-Qarnayn in early Islamic literature). According to a hadith, the Prophet (s) said that he did not know whether Dhu al-Qarnayn was a prophet or not. The description of Dhul-Qarneyn in Quran is similar and identical to that of Solomon (AS) in “Zaboor”. Concrete meanings: the first group of such views provide concrete grounds for the appellation, such him having horns and something similar. Al-Qurtubi wrote that Dhu l-Qarnayn is said to be a chosen prophet with whom God conquered the Earth and he allegedly met an angel called "Rabaqil". Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as "the possessor of the two horns," is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Sura al-Kahf ("The Cave"). Listen to the audio pronunciation of Dhul-Qarnayn on pronouncekiwi. For example, some people believed that he had two excrescences on his forehead which were similar to horns, or that his crown was decorated with two horns, or his people had broken the two sides of his head, or he had two strings of braided hair. Moreover, there is no historical evidence that Alexander ever constructed a dam as characterized in the Qur'an. On that day we shall present hell to the disbelievers, plain to view. Moreover, in some other hadiths, he was introduced only as a beloved servant of God, and in another one, as a scholar. [30] Among Western academics, Brannon Wheeler has argued that the alleged similarities between Alexander romances and the Dhu al-Qarnayn story are actually based on later commentaries of the Qur'an rather than the Qur'an itself. : "He of the Two Horns"), also spelled Zu al-Qarnayn, appears in the Quran, Surah Al-Kahf (18), Ayahs 83-101 as one who travels to east and west and erects a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog (called Ya'juj and Ma'juj). In general, the popularity of some myths about Alexander in the early Islamic period and some similarities between such myths and the Quranic story of Dhu l-Qarnayn as well as the sanctification of Alexander in Alexandria during the Hellenistic period by the first Christian communities led to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn with Alexander by Muslim exegetes and historians. There are basic disagreements in Islamic sources about his identity, the historical period in which he lived, and the details of his life. [9] "Qarn" also means "period" or "century", and the name Dhu al-Qarnayn therefore has a symbolic meaning as "He of the Two Ages", the first being the mythological time when the wall is built and the second the age of the end of the world when Allah's shariah, the divine law, is removed and Gog and Magog are to be set loose. Say: "I shall recite unto you a remembrance of him.". The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in English "The Two-Horned One"), mentioned in the Quran, is in fact a reference to Alexander the Great. While he is never mentioned explicitly by name, the story is clearly based upon a legendary account of Alexander the Great. The view is based on a hadith from Imam 'Ali (a) and turned into a well-known view in later sources. Others believed that he was not a prophet; rather he was a righteous person and a just king. Sign in to disable ALL ads. He is considered by some people as a first generation of human beings—a son of Yafith (Japheth), the son of Nuh (a)—and by others as contemporary with the prophets Ibrahim (a) (Abraham) and Isma'il (a) (Ishmael). Elsewhere on the great mountain Dhu al-Qarnayn meets Israfil (the archangel Raphael), standing ready to blow the trumpet on the Day of Judgement. Until, when he reached (a tract) between two mountains, he found, beneath them, a people who scarcely understood a word. Ghazali's version later made its way into the Thousand and One Nights. At Dhu al-Qarnayn's request the mountain explains the origin of earthquakes: when God wills, the mountain causes one of its veins to throb, and thus an earthquake results. So (it was). After the Qur'an, the contents of different sources regarding Dhu l-Qarnayn were based on fictions and earlier views, although in some periods, authors tried to adopt a critical approach to such contents and to precisely identify Dhu l-Qarnayn. Al-Tha'albi wrote that if this is true, then we should no longer concern ourselves with the issue. In recent sources, and in particular, in contemporary scholarships, the views were informed by archeological and linguistic findings as well as some ancient sources of history. Theodor Nöldeke, believed that Dhul-Qarnayn was none other than Alexander the Great as mentioned in versions of the Alexander romance and related literature in Syriac (a dialect of Middle Aramaic). They asked him to build a wall between them and the people of Gog and Magog “Ya’juj and Ma’juj” who were causing mischief in the land. The identity of Gog and Magog and the specification of the geographical location of the dam constructed by Dhu l-Qarnayn to obstruct Gog and Magog are key to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn. In English, too, the word, "horn", is rooted in the Latin "cornu" which seems similar to the word, "qarn". Proper noun (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it set in a spring of murky water: near it he found a people: We said: "O Zul-qarnain! We made him strong in the land and gave him unto every thing a road. The main reason for the identification was that Alexander was historically known as a king who conquered different parts of the world, and it seemed that Dhu l-Qarnayn in the Qur'an also conquered different parts of the world. Till, when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had appointed no shelter therefrom. Detailed discussions and serious disagreements among Muslim scholars were fueled by the brief mysterious reply of the Prophet Muhammad (s) to inquirers about Dhu l-Qarnayn and the curiosity of Muslims about the details of the story, and in particular, the identity of Dhu l-Qarnayn himself.
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